The use of executive agreements rather than treaties has become increasingly common among presidents in recent years. While treaties are the traditional means of making agreements between countries, executive agreements have been used more frequently because they do not require Senate approval.
One reason why presidents may prefer to use executive agreements is the speed at which they can be negotiated and implemented. Treaties can take a long time to negotiate and require a two-thirds majority vote in the Senate, which can be a time-consuming process. Executive agreements, on the other hand, can be negotiated and implemented quickly, allowing presidents to respond to emerging issues and opportunities more efficiently.
Another reason why presidents may prefer executive agreements is the flexibility they offer. Treaties are often seen as rigid and binding, with little room for interpretation or adjustment. Executive agreements, on the other hand, can be more easily revised or revoked if circumstances change or if the agreement is no longer serving its intended purpose.
In addition, executive agreements can be used to bypass opposition in the Senate. If a treaty is likely to face significant opposition in the Senate, a president may choose to negotiate an executive agreement instead. While the Senate still has some oversight of executive agreements, they do not require the same level of approval as treaties, making them a more politically expedient option in some cases.
Finally, executive agreements can be used to address issues that are outside the scope of traditional treaties. For example, executive agreements can be used to address security issues or to establish trade agreements that do not require the same level of oversight as traditional treaties.
Overall, executive agreements offer presidents a quicker, more flexible, and potentially less politically contentious way to make agreements with other countries. While they may not offer the same level of scrutiny as treaties, they have become an important tool in the president’s foreign policy toolbox.